of Israel's Independence 1948
Issued at Tel Aviv on May 14, 1948
(5th of Iyar, 5708)
The land of Israel was the birthplace of the
Jewish people. Here their spiritual, religious and national identity was
formed. Here they achieved independence and created a culture of national and
universal significance. Here they wrote and gave the Bible to the world.
Exiled from Palestine, the Jewish people
remained faithful to it in all the countries of their dispersion, never ceasing
to pray and hope for their return and the restoration of their national
Impelled by this historic association, Jews
strove throughout the centuries to go back to the land of their fathers and
regain their statehood. In recent decades they returned in masses. They reclaimed
the wilderness, revived their language, built cities and villages and
established a vigorous and ever-growing community with its own economic and
cultural life. They sought peace yet were ever prepared to defend themselves.
They brought the blessing of progress to all inhabitants of the country.
In the year 1897 the First Zionist Congress,
inspired by Theodor Herzl's vision of the Jewish State, proclaimed the right of
the Jewish people to national revival in their own country.
This right was acknowledged by the Balfour
Declaration of November 2, 1917, and re-affirmed
by the Mandate of the League of Nations, which gave explicit international
recognition to the historic connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and
their right to reconstitute their National Home.
The Nazi holocaust, which engulfed millions
of Jews in Europe, proved anew the urgency of the re-establishment of the
Jewish state, which would solve the problem of Jewish homelessness by opening
the gates to all Jews and lifting the Jewish people to equality in in the
family of nations.
The survivors of the European catastrophe, as
well as Jews from other lands, proclaiming their right to a life of dignity,
freedom and labor, and undeterred by hazards, hardships and obstacles, have
tried unceasingly to enter Palestine.
In the Second World War the Jewish people in
Palestine made a full contribution in the struggle of the freedom-loving
nations against the Nazi evil. The sacrifices of their soldiers and the efforts
of their workers gained them title to rank with the peoples who founded the
On November 29, 1947, the General Assembly of
the United Nations adopted a Resolution for the establishment of an
independent Jewish State in Palestine, and
called upon the inhabitants of the country to take such steps as may be
necessary on their part to put the plan into effect.
This recognition by the United Nations of the
right of the Jewish people to establish their independent State may not be
revoked. It is, moreover, the self-evident right of the Jewish people to be a
nation, as all other nations, in its own sovereign State.
ACCORDINGLY, WE, the members of the National Council, representing
the Jewish people in Palestine and the Zionist movement of the world, met
together in solemn assembly today, the day of the termination of the British
mandate for Palestine, by virtue of the natural and historic right of the
Jewish and of the Resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations,
HEREBY PROCLAIM the establishment of the Jewish State in Palestine,
to be called ISRAEL.
WE HEREBY DECLARE that as from the termination of the Mandate at
midnight, this night of the 14th and 15th May, 1948, and until the setting up
of the duly elected bodies of the State in accordance with a Constitution, to be
drawn up by a Constituent Assembly not later than the first day of October,
1948, the present National Council shall act as the provisional administration,
shall constitute the Provisional Government of the State of Israel.
THE STATE OF ISRAEL will be open to the immigration of Jews from all
countries of their dispersion; will promote the development of the country for
the benefit of all its inhabitants; will be based on the precepts of liberty,
justice and peace taught by the Hebrew Prophets; will uphold the full social
and political equality of all its citizens, without distinction of race, creed
or sex; will guarantee full freedom of conscience, worship, education and
culture; will safeguard the sanctity and inviolability of the shrines and Holy
Places of all religions; and will dedicate itself to the principles of the Charter
of the United Nations.
THE STATE OF ISRAEL will be ready to cooperate with the organs and
representatives of the United Nations in the implementation of the Resolution
of the Assembly of November 29, 1947, and will
take steps to bring about the Economic Union over the whole of Palestine.
We appeal to the United Nations to assist the
Jewish people in the building of its State and to admit Israel into the family
In the midst of wanton aggression, we yet
call upon the Arab inhabitants of the State of Israel to return to the ways of
peace and play their part in the development of the State, with full and equal
citizenship and due representation in its bodies and institutions - provisional
We offer peace and unity to all the
neighboring states and their peoples, and invite them to cooperate with the
independent Jewish nation for the common good of all.
Our call goes out the the Jewish people all
over the world to rally to our side in the task of immigration and development
and to stand by us in the great struggle for the fulfillment of the dream of
generations - the redemption of Israel.
With trust in Almighty God, we set our hand
to this Declaration, at this Session of the Provisional State Council, in the
city of Tel Aviv, on this Sabbath eve, the fifth of Iyar, 5708, the fourteenth
day of May, 1948.