Palestinian National Charter:
Resolutions of the Palestine National Council
of the Charter:
Article 1: Palestine
is the homeland of the Arab Palestinian people; it is an indivisible part of
the Arab homeland, and the Palestinian people are an integral part of the Arab
Article 2: Palestine,
with the boundaries it had during the British Mandate, is an indivisible
Article 3: The
Palestinian Arab people possess the legal right to their homeland and have the
right to determine their destiny after achieving the liberation of their
country in accordance with their wishes and entirely of their own accord and
Article 4: The
Palestinian identity is a genuine, essential, and inherent characteristic; it
is transmitted from parents to children. The Zionist occupation and the
dispersal of the Palestinian Arab people, through the disasters which befell
them, do not make them lose their Palestinian identity and their membership in
the Palestinian community, nor do they negate them.
Article 5: The
Palestinians are those Arab nationals who, until 1947, normally resided in
Palestine regardless of whether they were evicted from it or have stayed there.
Anyone born, after that date, of a Palestinian father - whether inside
Palestine or outside it - is also a Palestinian.
Article 6: The Jews
who had normally resided in Palestine until the beginning of the Zionist
invasion will be considered Palestinians.
Article 7: That there
is a Palestinian community and that it has material, spiritual, and historical
connection with Palestine are indisputable facts. It is a national duty to
bring up individual Palestinians in an Arab revolutionary manner. All means of
information and education must be adopted in order to acquaint the Palestinian
with his country in the most profound manner, both spiritual and material, that
is possible. He must be prepared for the armed struggle and ready to sacrifice
his wealth and his life in order to win back his homeland and bring about its
Article 8: The phase in their history, through which the
Palestinian people are now living, is that of national (watani) struggle for
the liberation of Palestine. Thus the conflicts among the Palestinian national
forces are secondary, and should be ended for the sake of the basic conflict
that exists between the forces of Zionism and of imperialism on the one hand,
and the Palestinian Arab people on the other. On this basis the Palestinian
masses, regardless of whether they are residing in the national homeland or in
diaspora (mahajir) constitute - both their organizations and the individuals -
one national front working for the retrieval of Palestine and its liberation
through armed struggle.
Article 9: Armed
struggle is the only way to liberate Palestine. This it is the overall
strategy, not merely a tactical phase. The Palestinian Arab people assert their
absolute determination and firm resolution to continue their armed struggle and
to work for an armed popular revolution for the liberation of their country and
their return to it. They also assert their right to normal life in Palestine
and to exercise their right to self-determination and sovereignty over it.
Article 10: Commando
action constitutes the nucleus of the Palestinian popular liberation war. This
requires its escalation, comprehensiveness, and the mobilization of all the
Palestinian popular and educational efforts and their organization and
involvement in the armed Palestinian revolution. It also requires the achieving
of unity for the national (watani) struggle among the different
groupings of the Palestinian people, and between the Palestinian people and the
Arab masses, so as to secure the continuation of the revolution, its
escalation, and victory.
Article 11: The
Palestinians will have three mottoes: national (wataniyya) unity,
national (qawmiyya) mobilization, and liberation.
Article 12: The
Palestinian people believe in Arab unity. In order to contribute their share
toward the attainment of that objective, however, they must, at the present
stage of their struggle, safeguard their Palestinian identity and develop their
consciousness of that identity, and oppose any plan that may dissolve or impair
Article 13: Arab unity
and the liberation of Palestine are two complementary objectives, the
attainment of either of which facilitates the attainment of the other. Thus,
Arab unity leads to the liberation of Palestine, the liberation of Palestine
leads to Arab unity; and work toward the realization of one objective proceeds
side by side with work toward the realization of the other.
Article 14: The
destiny of the Arab nation, and indeed Arab existence itself, depend upon the
destiny of the Palestine cause. From this interdependence springs the Arab
nation's pursuit of, and striving for, the liberation of Palestine. The people
of Palestine play the role of the vanguard in the realization of this sacred (qawmi)
Article 15: The liberation of Palestine, from an Arab viewpoint, is a
national (qawmi) duty and it attempts to repel the Zionist and imperialist
aggression against the Arab homeland, and aims at the elimination of Zionism in
Palestine. Absolute responsibility for this falls upon the Arab nation -
peoples and governments - with the Arab people of Palestine in the vanguard. Accordingly,
the Arab nation must mobilize all its military, human, moral, and spiritual
capabilities to participate actively with the Palestinian people in the
liberation of Palestine. It must, particularly in the phase of the armed
Palestinian revolution, offer and furnish the Palestinian people with all
possible help, and material and human support, and make available to them the
means and opportunities that will enable them to continue to carry out their
leading role in the armed revolution, until they liberate their homeland.
Article 16: The
liberation of Palestine, from a spiritual point of view, will provide the Holy
Land with an atmosphere of safety and tranquility, which in turn will safeguard
the country's religious sanctuaries and guarantee freedom of worship and of
visit to all, without discrimination of race, color, language, or religion.
Accordingly, the people of Palestine look to all spiritual forces in the world
Article 17: The
liberation of Palestine, from a human point of view, will restore to the
Palestinian individual his dignity, pride, and freedom. Accordingly the
Palestinian Arab people look forward to the support of all those who believe in
the dignity of man and his freedom in the world.
Article 18: The
liberation of Palestine, from an international point of view, is a defensive
action necessitated by the demands of self-defense. Accordingly the Palestinian
people, desirous as they are of the friendship of all people, look to
freedom-loving, and peace-loving states for support in order to restore their
legitimate rights in Palestine, to re-establish peace and security in the
country, and to enable its people to exercise national sovereignty and freedom.
Article 19: The partition of Palestine in 1947 and the
establishment of the state of Israel are entirely illegal, regardless of the
passage of time, because they were contrary to the will of the Palestinian
people and to their natural right in their homeland, and inconsistent with the
principles embodied in the Charter of the United Nations, particularly the
right to self-determination.
Article 20: The Balfour Declaration, the Mandate for Palestine,
and everything that has been based upon them, are deemed null and void. Claims
of historical or religious ties of Jews with Palestine are incompatible with
the facts of history and the true conception of what constitutes statehood.
Judaism, being a religion, is not an independent nationality. Nor do Jews
constitute a single nation with an identity of its own; they are citizens of
the states to which they belong.
Article 21: The Arab Palestinian people, expressing themselves
by the armed Palestinian revolution, reject all solutions which are substitutes
for the total liberation of Palestine and reject all proposals aiming at the liquidation
of the Palestinian problem, or its internationalization.
Article 22: Zionism is a political movement organically
associated with international imperialism and antagonistic to all action for
liberation and to progressive movements in the world. It is racist and fanatic
in its nature, aggressive, expansionist, and colonial in its aims, and fascist
in its methods. Israel is the instrument of the Zionist movement, and
geographical base for world imperialism placed strategically in the midst of the
Arab homeland to combat the hopes of the Arab nation for liberation, unity, and
progress. Israel is a constant source of threat vis-a-vis peace in the Middle
East and the whole world. Since the liberation of Palestine will destroy the
Zionist and imperialist presence and will contribute to the establishment of
peace in the Middle East, the Palestinian people look for the support of all
the progressive and peaceful forces and urge them all, irrespective of their
affiliations and beliefs, to offer the Palestinian people all aid and support
in their just struggle for the liberation of their homeland.
Article 23: The demand of security and peace, as well as the
demand of right and justice, require all states to consider Zionism an
illegitimate movement, to outlaw its existence, and to ban its operations, in
order that friendly relations among peoples may be preserved, and the loyalty
of citizens to their respective homelands safeguarded.
Article 24: The
Palestinian people believe in the principles of justice, freedom, sovereignty,
self-determination, human dignity, and in the right of all peoples to exercise
Article 25: For the
realization of the goals of this Charter and its principles, the Palestine
Liberation Organization will perform its role in the liberation of Palestine in
accordance with the Constitution of this Organization.
Article 26: The
Palestine Liberation Organization, representative of the Palestinian
revolutionary forces, is responsible for the Palestinian Arab people's movement
in its struggle - to retrieve its homeland, liberate and return to it and
exercise the right to self-determination in it - in all military, political,
and financial fields and also for whatever may be required by the Palestine
case on the inter-Arab and international levels.
Article 27: The
Palestine Liberation Organization shall cooperate with all Arab states, each
according to its potentialities; and will adopt a neutral policy among them in
the light of the requirements of the war of liberation; and on this basis it
shall not interfere in the internal affairs of any Arab state.
Article 28: The
Palestinian Arab people assert the genuineness and independence of their
national (wataniyya) revolution and reject all forms of intervention,
trusteeship, and subordination.
Article 29: The
Palestinian people possess the fundamental and genuine legal right to liberate
and retrieve their homeland. The Palestinian people determine their attitude
toward all states and forces on the basis of the stands they adopt vis-à-vis to
the Palestinian revolution to fulfill the aims of the Palestinian people.
Article 30: Fighters
and carriers of arms in the war of liberation are the nucleus of the popular
army which will be the protective force for the gains of the Palestinian Arab
Article 31: The
Organization shall have a flag, an oath of allegiance, and an anthem. All this
shall be decided upon in accordance with a special regulation.
Article 32: Regulations,
which shall be known as the Constitution of the Palestinian Liberation
Organization, shall be annexed to this Charter. It will lay down the manner in
which the Organization, and its organs and institutions, shall be constituted;
the respective competence of each; and the requirements of its obligation under
Article 33: This
Charter shall not be amended save by [vote of] a majority of two-thirds of the
total membership of the National Congress of the Palestine Liberation
Organization [taken] at a special session convened for that purpose.
* English rendition as published in Basic Political Documents of the Armed
Palestinian Resistance Movement; Leila S. Kadi (ed.), Palestine Research
Centre, Beirut, December 1969, pp.137-141.